为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,英语复试是一个关键

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  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  The causes for …are as follows…

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  来源:文都教育

  Activities include dancing, singing, and other fun stuff。

  一、因果法

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

9。尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

  大家在论证方法上可以多种方法同时采用,比如上文例证法01年的爱心主题例子是在遇到自然灾害的时候,中国人民无私捐献财力物力;04年的例子是神舟七号卫星发射的成功既是机遇又是挑战,另一个例子是如果考上研究生对于大家既是机遇也是挑战。建议大家的一点是在例证法上,要多积累一些时事、时下励志人物等相关的例子,在考试之前准备好,可以找老师帮忙翻译好,在考试时可以信手拈来。各位考生,坚持就是胜利,预祝大家都能取得自己满意的成绩!

  24.It is no easy job to find the reasons for this tendency which
involves several complicated factors.For
some______________. For
others______________。

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

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  19.However, if not managed properly, ________can create many
problems.Sometimes__________. Furthermore,
___________.Therefore, ____________has been
gaining public concern。

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。我对这个问题的看法如下。

  2. A case in point is the successful launching of “Shenzhou 7
Spacecraft” which sets china in a high position of aviation and space
flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are
facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in
space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the
examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a
university, we shall not stop making efforts. Instead, we are confronted
with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We
still have to strive for success in our future academic study,
employment and career。(04年) 

  21.It is essential that effective actions should be taken to end the
situation。

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

4.Take … for example。

  (一)因果法

  13.There are many ways to__________.
First,_____________. Second,______________.
Third,____________。

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  在前一篇的考研[微博]英语写作复习攻略二里提到了大作文引入段的写作方法,大家不断练习能够写出高水平的第一段,进而给阅卷老师留下深刻的印象。接下来进入第二段意义阐述段的攻略讲解。对于考研作文议论文来说,涉及的主题无非就是重要的或者有害的。

  10.In my opinion,______________is just as common
as______________. If______________, it may
be very useful.Whatever______________, the key point lies
in______________。

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  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10。完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

  1.There are many causes/reasons for the dramatic growth/decrease.
Firstly,…secondly,…finally,.。.

  以上的历年作文比较常用的经典靓句,同学们可以借鉴参考。不过除此之后,跨考教育[微博]英语教研室刘老师提醒大家,注意作文中语法以及标点等个别细节问题。

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

  The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies
only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always
make adequate preparations to meet… as they duly arrive. The
unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to
see them pass by. Obviously, the two different attitudes towards
opportunities may lead to quite different consequences。

  11._______may be preferable to______________,
but it also suffers from the disadvantages
that______________。

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  在这一段,第一句提出论点,论点要准确,即话题要趋同不要跑题;论点要清晰,即在首句中要有能够涵盖主题的关键词;论点要精彩,即语言要有亮点,比如采用一些复杂语法像非谓语动词、从句类、介词短语等。第二句可用虚拟语气强调论点,如正面话题,Were
there no the Hope Project, those children would never receive the
precious knowledge. 可提炼出这样的句式:Were there no sth., sb. would
never do sth. 如负面话题,Were the situation to continue, we would pay
high price.
第三句就论点展开论述,就如同中文中的论证方法有对比论证、举例论证、引用名言论证等等,下边介绍几种常用方法:

  21.Well, why is there________? I think there might be two
reasons. One is_______, and the other
is______________。

  三、例证法

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

9。综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

  (二)例证法

  2.Everything has its own two sides, no exception with AAA.For one
thing, ______. for another,_________。

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  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

  2. A number of factors can account for the change in.。.

  7.However,________may cause some problems. First, it
is__________. Second,_______. Finally,_____. So,it
is clear that______________has its advantages and
disadvantages。

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  …has something in common with…

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

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  3、尽量少用”etc.”, “and so on”等表达方式。

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

  1. As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the
Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the
victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are
still low by international standards, people all over the country do not
hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it money or goods—to help
their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of
gain for themselves。(01年)  

  例如:He did not say any words。

  二、定义法

  The reason why …can be traced to…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  (三)比较与对比法

  25.We must search for a quick action, because the present situation
of______________is grievous, if allowed to proceed, will
certainly lead to______________。

  来源:文都教育

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

8。然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……

  20.It is difficult to say whether______________is good
or not in general as it depends very much on the situation
of______________. However, from a personal point of view I
find______________。

  描述性:

10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是

  15.There are several measures for us to adopt. First,we
can______________, there are a number of advantages
of______________.Another solution is
to______________。

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

  25.Why______________? The first reason is
that______________.The second reason
is______________.The third is______________.
For all this, the main cause of______________is due
to______________。

  (三)转

一、开头句型

  2、用更加正式的否定形式。如not… any写做no, not… much 写做 little,
not many 写做few等。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

4。现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……

  17.All in all, we cannot live without______________.
But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with
problems that would arise.18. Whatever you do, please remember the
saying-______________. If you understand it and apply it
to your study or work, you’ll definitely benefit a lot from it。

  (一)起

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

  标点

  举例:

9。……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

  15.In my opinion, all of the people should be brave enough to show
our disapproval and criticism when confronted
with______________。

  递进:

5。面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……一方面……,另一方面,

  There are few chances available。

  Just take …as an example。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

  例如:Activities include dancing, singing, etc。

  分类:

10。如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

  4、破折号可以用于在一个句子的前面或后面加入额外的注释,灵活地运用破折号可以使长句子变得更加生动,增加文章的文采。

  (四)合

8。在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……

  12.But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve_______.
For instance,______________.Worst of all, ____。

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

  6.Confronted with AAA, we should take a serious of effective
measures to cope with the situation。

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5。随着社会的发展,……因此,迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

  7.In a word,t he whole society should pay close attention to the
problem of_______. Only in this way
can______________in the future。

  …may be divided into…

11.In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势

  例如:Consequently we may arrive at the conclusion that…

  举例:

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…

  19.With the development of society,______________. So
it’s urgent and necessary to______________. If every
member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be
better and better。

  By contrasting …and…

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

  14.Personally, I believer that_______. Consequently, I’m
confident that a bright future is awaiting us because_______。

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